Optometry is a healthcare specialty which involves inspection of the eyes and applicable vision systems for defects or anomalies, administering and selling refractive error correction using the lenses of glasses and contact lenses, and treating and treating certain eye diseases.
Glaucoma refers to damage to the optic nerve that links the retina to the brain. It is a leading cause of permanent blindness in the United States, affecting more than 3 million individuals.
Cataracts occur as the lens forms cloudy spots in the eye. They can develop larger, severely impacting vision and potentially causing blindness.
Most retinal diseases have common effects, such as blurred vision or vision loss. These conditions include floaters, retinal tears or detachments, macular degeneration, diabetic retinopathy and epiretinal membrane.
Often known as near-sightedness, myopia is a visual condition that makes it impossible to focus on distant points.
Treatments include eyeglasses, contact lenses, corneal refractive laser treatment, or surgery (in serious cases).